Spain’s Tasty Tapas

By Rick Steves
Tapa snack, Granada
Most tapas bars feature plenty of seafood options. (photo: Rick Steves)
Tapas bar, Barcelona
This Barcelona tapas bar doesn't even start rocking until 9 p.m. (photo: Rick Steves)

I never tire of tapas. Sure, you can find them in some American cities, but for the true tapas experience, you must go to Spain. The experience is like an edible scavenger hunt, where I collect small portions of seafood, salads, meat-filled pastries, and deep-fried tasties, and piece them together for a light evening meal. Tapas are an opportunity to eat adventurously — and an authentic, affordable way to sample local dishes.

Barcelona boasts great "tascas" — colorful tapas bars — on Carrer de la Mercè in the Barri Gòtic (Gothic Quarter). In Madrid, a neighborhood called Lavapies offers a multi-ethnic tapestry of Madrileños enjoying pithy, cheap, seedy yet fun-loving life on the streets and in the tapas bars.

In the Basque Country, tapas are more often known as pintxos. Part of the Basque experience is taking part in a txiquiteo — hopping from bar to bar, enjoying wine, small open-faced sandwiches, and tiny snacks of peppers, mushrooms, and nuts. While tempting cold pintxos are always on display in Basque bars, and ready to be gobbled up, I like to order off the menu of hot pintxos (pintxos calientes) for something fresh from the kitchen — like spider crab or beef cheeks in a red wine sauce.

My tapas memories are vivid: In the heart of Spain's Andalucía region, on a warm summer evening, I remember elbowing up to a Granada tapas bar bustling with chattering locals. A hand-scrawled chalkboard menu described various offerings, ham hocks hung like bovine ballerinas from the ceiling, all while gregarious Spaniards leaned over each other to shout their next tapa order to the bartender.

Chasing down a particular bar nearly defeats the purpose and spirit of tapas — they are impromptu. To find the most authentic tapas atmosphere, I look for noisy bars with piles of napkins and food debris on the floor (part of the tapas tradition), lots of locals, and the TV blaring. Popular television-viewing includes bullfights and soccer games, and Spanish interpretations of soaps and silly game shows. While tapas are served all day, the real action begins late — 9 p.m. at the earliest. But for beginners, an earlier start is easier and comes with less commotion.

Once I blitzed tapas bars in Ronda early in the evening with Antonio, a local guide and friend. I needed a bite to eat before running all over that southern Spain hill town to check restaurants, but it was out of the question for him to order anything. Because most Spaniards work until 7:30 p.m., a light supper at 9 or 10 p.m. is typical — and Antonio couldn't get his head around the idea that I routinely eat at 6 or 7 p.m. — to him that was as wild as waiting until 10 p.m. is to an American.

A plate of tapas typically cost about $3. To save money, avoid seafood, which can cost up to $14. Most bars push larger portions called raciones (dinner plate-sized) rather than smaller tapas (saucer-sized). Ask for the smaller tapas portions or a media-ración (listed as "½ ración" on a menu), though many bars simply don't serve anything smaller than a ración.

Tapas are usually eaten standing at the barra (counter), where it's easier to mingle. I'd much rather sit, but Antonio says Spaniards find it more natural to stay on their feet to nibble — but they really like to sit when they smoke. Standing makes sense if you're on a budget because food and drinks are usually cheapest served at the barra.

You'll likely pay more to eat sitting at a mesa (table) and still more for a terraza (outdoor table). Locate the price list (often posted in fine type on a wall somewhere) to know the menu options and price tiers.

In the right place, a quiet snack and drink on a terrace on the town square is well worth the extra charge. But the cheapest spots sometimes get the best show. Stand at the bar and study your bartender — he's an artist.

Be assertive or you'll never be served. Por favor (please) grabs the guy's attention. Get a fun, inexpensive sampler plate. Ask for una tabla de canapés variados to get a plate of various little open-faced sandwiches. Or ask for a surtido de (an assortment of…) charcutería (a mixed plate of meat) or queso (cheese). Un surtido de jamón y queso means a plate of different hams and cheeses. Order bread and two glasses of red wine, sit on the town square — and you've got a romantic dinner for two.

Make your meal an adventure. Ask for a banderilla, a small skewer of spicy, pickled veggies — eat it all at once for the real punch; it's named after the spear matadors use to spike the bull. Try some pricey jamón ibérico (cured ham from acorn-fed pigs). Munch on rabas (squid tentacles, a.k.a. calamari), cazón en adobo (salty, marinated dogfish), or bowlfuls of snails (caracoles).

Tapas bars are the focus of nightlife in cities and towns throughout Spain. Gain (or just fake) an appreciation for these quintessential flavors, and the Spaniards will love you for it.

Don't worry about paying until you're ready to leave; the bartender is keeping track of your tab. To get the bill, ask for la cuenta (or la dolorosa — literally "the sadness"). Bars may come with a language barrier, and a small vocabulary will help you eat better, but you can also just point to items in the display case or your neighbor's plate to get what you want.

For an affordable and accessible slice of Spanish culture, dive headfirst into the tapas experience. You'll be rewarded with bite-size punches of flavor, a reasonable bill, and the unrelenting energy of the locals that surround you.