Eating in Spain: Sustenance for the Soul

By Rick Steves
Prized "jamón iberico de bellota" is Spain's choicest cured ham. (photo: Rick Steves)
Tapas bar, Madrid, Spain
Making a meal of tasty tapas — available in bars throughout the day — is the perfect solution for travelers who can't wait until 9 or 10 p.m. for dinner. (photo: Rick Steves)

My guide Roberto met me at Madrid's airport, we rented a car, and minutes later, we were southbound on the freeway, immersed in the vastness of La Mancha. It's a tough terrain. A windmill — weathered into a rough little useless nub — still capped its blustery hill.

We popped into a rustic truck stop for lunch. As I leaned into my ham sandwich, my traveling spirit did a little leap and I thought, yes, España! My passport had been stamped, but I hadn't really arrived until that moment, when my teeth broke through the crisp crust of my fluffy fresh baguette…and hit jamón.

That prosciutto-like ham, dry-cured and aged from happy, acorn-fed pigs, has a bold flavor that embodies the rustic intensity of the Spanish culture. Cured ham hocks — toned legs with pointed toes — are found in every bar. Like connoisseurs of fine wine, Spaniards debate the merits of different breeds of pigs, their diets, and the quality of the curing. In Spain, jamón is more than a food; it's a way of life. Spaniards treasure memories of Grandpa during Christmas, thinly carving a ham supported in a jamonero (ham-hock holder), just as we prize the turkey carving at Thanksgiving. To sample this delicacy without the high price tag you'll find in restaurants, go to a local market and ask for 100 grams of top-quality ham; enjoy it as a picnic with red wine and a baguette.

Aside from all that ham, 700 years of Muslim rule left its mark on the Spanish cuisine. The Moors were great horticulturists and introduced Spain to new herbs and spices — a legacy that's well represented in paella. Traditional Middle Eastern saffron combines with rice, seafood, sausage, and chicken for a recipe that is quintessentially Spanish.

Every region of Spain has specialties worth savoring. La Mancha is known not just for its jamón but for pisto, a ratatouille-like dish commonly served with quail eggs. In Catalunya, there's fideuà, a thin, flavor-infused noodle served with seafood, and arròs negre, black rice cooked in squid ink. Along the North Atlantic, Asturias combines seafood with hearty mountain grub, including giant white faba beans and the powerful Roquefort-like cabrales cheese. Green, rainy Galicia in the northwest is known for octopus, chopped up and served dusted with paprika. The region's deep-fried green pimientos de Padrón are tasty and tricky, offering a kind of Russian roulette — about one in ten of these little peppers is spicy hot.

Arguably the culinary capital of Spain is San Sebastián, in Basque Country, with inviting tapas bars (they're called pintxos here) that display a stunning array of help-yourself goodies. Top dishes include spider crab, tasty anchovies, and seafood stew. Just grab what you like from the platters at the bar; when it's time to settle up, the server will count the toothpicks on your plate.

In Spain, meal portions are different from what we're used to. It's unusual to find a restaurant that distinguishes between "starters" and "main dishes." Instead, most restaurants serve their dishes in full portions called raciones, or in smaller half-servings, media-raciones. Ordering media-raciones is an easy way for you and your travel partner to broaden your tasting experience (two people can fill up on four media-raciones). Don't wash it down with a glass of basic red wine (tinto); instead, ask for un crianza — for only a little extra, you'll get a quality, aged wine.

Many visitors find the Spanish eating schedule frustrating. Lunch, the largest meal of the day, is eaten around 3 p.m. Many Spaniards have a bocadillo (baguette sandwich) around 11 a.m. to bridge the gap between their coffee-and-roll breakfast and late lunch. Because most Spaniards work until 7:30 p.m., a light supper at 9 or 10 p.m. is typical. Generally no self-respecting casa de comidas ("house of eating" — when you see this, you can bet it's a good, traditional eatery) serves lunches and dinners at American hours.

To eat well any time, and within even the tightest budget, duck into a tapas bar and build a light meal out of appetizers. While I generally go for the rustic old bars, Roberto introduced me to a place that puts a contemporary spin on traditional tapas. We just about ate our way through the entire list of daily specials: asparagus snowed in with Manchego cheese, delicate cod-cheek sandwiches, and spicy pulled pork.

And three days into my Spain trip, it was clear I was settling in just right. I struggled to the top of a hill-capping castle ruin in Castille. Catching my breath, I surveyed the vast terrain and it seemed my sweat came with a faint whiff of jamón.