By Rick Steves
Are rail passes a good value for Great Britain?
Since Britain's pay-as-you-go train tickets are some of the most expensive in Europe, BritRail passes can pay for themselves quickly, especially if you travel between London and Scotland. (If you're making only a few trips and can commit to dates and times in advance, look into Britain's advance-purchase discounts on point-to-point train tickets, which could conceivably save you money over a pass — just don't be too quick to dismiss the hop-on, hop-off convenience of a pass).
How do I see whether a rail pass makes sense for my trip in particular?
Train Fares: Great Britain
Map shows approximate costs, in $US, for one-way, second-class tickets at off-peak rates. For first-class fares, add 50 percent.
Use this map to add up approximate pay-as-you-go fares for your itinerary, and compare that cost to the price of a rail pass for the number of days you expect to spend on the train. Dashed lines show bus connections and dotted lines show ferry services, neither of which are covered by rail passes.
Also, follow the links below for:
• More tips for figuring out whether a pass makes sense for your trip
• The basics on choosing among rail passes
• More tips on how to save money by fine-tuning your rail pass
• Fare-estimate maps outside Britain
• Answers to frequently asked rail-pass questions
Each of the passes below covers a different geographical area. Choose the one that best fits your trip to check prices and to buy your pass (orders are fulfilled by Rail Europe).
Note that if you're opting for a straight-up BritRail Pass, a BritRail England Pass, or a BriRail South West Pass, you'll need to choose between a continuous pass or flexipass when ordering (see our advice for deciding between the two, and keep in mind that these three passes are now valid for travel just one month, rather than two months, after you've activated the pass).
What do rail passes cover in Britain?
Passes include travel on nearly all trains within the geographical areas that they cover including airport shuttle trains to/from London's main airports (the Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted Express). Here's what's not covered:
- Narrow-gauge "heritage" railways (but BritRail passes do get you a 20 percent discount, which doesn't use up a travel day)
- Eurostar train to/from Paris or Brussels (though a pass that covers England does allow you to buy a ticket at a special passholder rate; seats at this rate are limited)
Some passes have a few additional restrictions (see the key details for each pass below).
Any advice for deciding between first and second class?
In Britain, "standard" class (a.k.a. second class) is fine, and budget travelers will find that first class is not worth the extra 50 percent. Indeed, many regional trains have only standard-class cars. On some long-distance trains, first class includes a meal served at your seat...but few will find these meals worth the extra expense. See our general advice for deciding between first and second class.
Do I need to make seat reservations on British trains?
For the most part, you can hop on most British trains with just your rail pass in hand. It can be smart, however, to reserve a seat for weekend travel, when trains tend to fill up. Seat reservations can be made for free at any staffed station in Britain.
On overnight trains, a bunk in a twin sleeper costs about $75. Overnight journeys begun on your BritRail pass's final night can be completed the day after the pass expires (only BritRail allows this trick). Overnight reservations can be made at any train station or before you leave home (US tel. 866-274-8724).
If a rail pass doesn't pencil out for your trip, you may be able to shave off the cost of your train tickets with some of these tips:
- Advance-purchase discounts can be a huge savings. For example, a London–Edinburgh one-way trip at the full ("Anytime") fare is about $235, but advance tickets are usually around $60–75, with the lowest rate selling out first. Generally, the earlier you book, the better deal you'll get. Advance discount tickets get snapped up particularly fast in summer. They can be booked from one day to eight weeks ahead, have limited seat availability, are non-refundable, and have exchange restrictions.
- Off-peak discounts apply after 9:30 a.m., and round-trip off-peak tickets may cost the same as one-way tickets. For example, the off-peak fare for a one-way London–Edinburgh trip is $180, while the full ("Anytime") fare is about $235.
- Check the National Rail site for all ticket prices, rules, and to buy online, or call 011-44-8457-484-950 for 24-hour information (they'll give you another number to purchase tickets). For credit card approval online, it may help to enter a British hotel address or postal code (not for delivery). Pick up reserved tickets at any staffed train station.
- Youths (ages 16–25) and full-time students (with ISIC card) can get a third off most train tickets by buying a 16–25 Railcard (£30). Not valid on the Heathrow Express, Eurostar, or some weekday morning commuter trains.
- Seniors (60 and older) can get a third off most train tickets by buying a Senior Railcard (also £30). Not valid on the Heathrow Express, Eurostar, or some weekday morning commuter trains.
- Couples (or any two travel companions) can get a third off most train tickets with a Two Together Railcard, as long as they're both present (£30; both travelers' photos required). Not valid on the Heathrow Express, Eurostar, or some weekday morning commuter trains.
- Families can get a third off most train tickets with a Family & Friends Railcard (also £30), which allows adults to travel a third cheaper while their kids age 5–15 get 60 percent off most train trips. Not valid on the Heathrow Express, Eurostar, or some weekday morning commuter trains.
Also see our general tips for buying point-to-point tickets.