Surrounded by well-preserved ramparts, layered with history, alternately quaint and urbane, Lucca charms its visitors. Though it hasn’t been involved in a war since 1430, it is Italy’s most impressive fortress city, encircled by a perfectly intact wall that’s perfect for a laid-back bike ride — the single must-do activity in this pleasant getaway. It’s simply a uniquely human and undamaged, never-bombed city. Romanesque churches seem to be around every corner, as do fun-loving and shady piazzas filled with soccer-playing children. Locals say Lucca is like a cake with a cherry filling in the middle...every slice is equally good.